Solar powered generators can be used in a variety of ways like provide heating to offices and homes, run appliances and perform any task that requires the need for electricity. These generators ranges in size from large units that are designed and utilized to provide power to communities, to small portable units that can be utilized to run computers, lanterns, and few lighting fixtures while on a camping trip. As these generators collect the power of the sun and convert the energy efficiently into electricity with no waste products or pollution, making these generators a green alternative to conventional sources of electricity like coal, gas, or even nuclear power plants.
Solar powered generators provide three main features: an inverter, solar panels, and deep-cycle battery. All of these features work hand-in-hand to capture the energy from the sun and convert it into electricity for general consumption.
• Solar Panels – solar generators use solar panels to harness sunlight and convert it to usable electricity. They are made of silicon, interconnected, and housed inside a panel. The photovoltaic cells are protected from the elements by a layer of glass.
• Deep Cycle Batteries – are use by these generators to store the electricity that the solar panels have gathered. They are design or made to provide a constant stream of current over a time period, and likewise are made to be able to be recharged and drained multiple of times.
• Inverter – this converts the direct current (DC) electricity to alternating current (AC), which is the typical current used in every establishments and households.
Solar powered generators are photovoltaic energy power system that utilizes the energy of the sun and convert it to electricity. Solar panels are carefully angled towards the direction of the sun. The photons are absorb by the solar cells and the electrons are left are separated and flow through the solar cells and turns to DC electricity. The DC current is transferred into the deep-cycle batteries where it stays and stored to be use when needed. When power is needed, the DC battery current is converted into AC current with an inverter and flows to the electric grid of homes by passing through the circuit breaker system, if in case DC electricity is required, the inverter step is bypass.
There are a variety of advantages in using solar powered generators such as the sun as a renewable source of energy and it is free compare to natural gas and fossil fuels. The generators are mostly quiet; they do not have any moving parts that can be broken down, very low maintenance and does not produce any polluting waste that could harm the environment. These generators will pay for itself after a couple of years of usage and will become a totally free source of renewable energy for a long time.
The disadvantages of solar powered generators are it cannot be utilize for some region or areas due to geographical considerations. The price is also one of its drawbacks. Although, these generators significantly dropped in price over a couple of years, the setup of a solar generator is still a bit pricy for many people.